The beauty and practicality behind modern stained glass

The beauty and practicality behind modern stained glass

May 19, 2020

Although the design has become more elaborate, the manufacture of modern stained glass windows has remained relatively unchanged throughout history. We transcended the beauty of art form and dived into the scientific field behind its creation.

Mapparium, a three-layer stained glass globe designed by Chester Lindsay Churchill, was built in 1935. From the world, you can see the precise geographical relationship between each other, so you can enjoy the unique scenery of the world.

Combination of beauty and practicality
Modern stained glass craft has a variety of colors and complex design, is a fascinating art. Whether it is art or handicraft, the creation of these lighting decorations requires artistic ability and engineering technology to assemble works.

Modern stained glass flourished in the 12th century. In addition to adding aesthetics to buildings, stained glass windows during this period were also considered an educational resource, which explained most illiterate biblical narratives. During the Renaissance, the development of stained glass ceased, and the renewed interest in medieval churches and the rediscovery of the principles of medieval glass design and processing prompted the revival of this art form. The renewed interest once again increased the demand for stained glass art.

modern-stained-glass
             From 13 centuries of stained glass windows

During the Middle Ages, a glass factory featuring silica was established. Melting this material usually requires extremely high heat, so materials such as lead are added to lower the melting temperature, and substances such as lime are added to stabilize the glass. When the glass is in a molten state, metal oxide powder is added to the mixture to produce various colors. When gold chloride and molten glass were mixed to produce this red stain, these artists became nanotechnology experts in some way.

In addition, a more modern method of producing glass is to roll glass. Pour the molten glass on a metal or graphite table, and then roll the glass into a sheet with a large metal cylinder and anneal it.

Window design. In the Middle Ages, design drawings were added directly to the painted surface of the table, used for cutting, painting and windows combined to form patterns. Once the design is created, various colored glass is cut to match the selected part. Over the years, several types of paints and stains have been developed to further enhance the design of stained glass. For example, silver nitrate stains that produce a yellowing effect can help enhance borders and halos.

Finally, the modern stained glass windows are slotted into lead or copper foil, and the divider used is called Cames. Then, weld the joints together and insert oily cement between the glass and the partition to ensure stability and reduce any potential rattling.


TOP